- Native to Europe, Western Asia, North Africa and the Mediterranean.
- In the Iris family.
- Perennial that spreads by seeds and rhizomes.
- Rhizome fragments can break off and form new plants.
- Grows in ditches, ponds, wetlands, riparian areas.
- Flowers resemble garden iris, but are dark yellow.
- Blooms May through July.
- Distribution expanding. Creston Valley Wildlife Management area, Kootenay Lake, Kootenay River, Nancy Greene Lake, Meldeanna Pond, Arrow Lake, Slocan River, Erie Lake, Pend D’Orielle River.
Consequences of invasion
- Colonizes and spreads in dense stands, out-competing native wetland plants and reducing habitat and resources available for wildlife.
- Can make livestock ill if ingested, though it is often avoided by grazing animals. Contact with the resin of the plant can cause skin irritations in humans.
Integrated Pest Management Options
- Caution: All plant parts are poisonous-wear gloves when handling Yellow Flag Iris!
- Dig up or clip the seedheads for small infestations.
- Digging and clipping seedheads will have to continue for several years.
- Annual monitoring is recommended.