Baby's breath (Gypsophila paniculata)

Baby’s breath

Gypsophila paniculata


  • Herbaceous perennial
  • Delicate blossoms of white and sometimes pink, with bushy stalks
  • Opposite branching pattern, can grow up to 1m tall
  • Establishes in well-drained soils, like sand or gravel

Consequences of invasion

  • When mixed with hay, the protein value of the crop diminishes, therefore less valuable to livestock or wildlife.
  • Outcompetes native and introduced grasses
    Don’t let your hay get infested with Baby’s Breath….it will cost you $$$$

How was it introduced? How does it spread?

  • Native to Eastern Europe & Western Asia. It’s likely that it was introduced as an ornamental plant
  • Produces an enormous amount of seeds and while tumbling in the wind, disperses them
  • Used ornamentally in flower arrangements, allowing seeds to spread
  • Deep root system over-stabilizes the soil and out-competes native species
    Please do not plant Baby’s Breath in your garden.

Management options

  • Prevention
    • Be conscious when buying flower arrangements
    • Be PlantWise and check wildflower mixes before planting
    • Clean equipment and gear before leaving an infested site
    • Dispose invasive species properly at designated disposal sites
  • Mechanical
    • Mow to reduce seed production, although not always effective with Baby’s breath
    • Baby’s breath is hard to pull due to it’s deep taproot system, cut the root below the ground surface to prevent re-sprouting
  • Biological
    • No research done to date
  • Chemical
    • Non-specific chemical control is also available, in accordance with herbicide labeling details
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