- Native to east-central Europe and western Asia.
- Annual to short-lived perennial.
- In the Mustard family.
- Has white flowers on multiple stalks.
- Grows well on sandy and/or gravelly soils and dry disturbed open sites.
- Reproduces by seed.
- Found throughout the CKISS region.
Consequences of invasion
- Invades rangelands and pastures, impacting livestock.
- Infestations can reduce hay quality and value.
- Toxic to horses; causes depression, swelling of lower legs, fever, diarrhea, and potentially death.
Integrated Pest Management Options
- Pull or dig small infestations when soil is moist.
- Proper pasture and rangeland management, minimizing soil disturbance and overgrazing.
- Chemical control may work on larger infestations.