Oxeye daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare)

Oxeye daisy

(Leucanthemum vulgare)

Description

  • A perennial that spreads via seeds and rhizomes
  • Seeds are viable for up to 3 years in the soil.
  • Establishes well in nutrient poor soil.
  • Stems are smooth and grooved.
  • Can grow up to 1 m tall and sometimes have branching at the top of the stem.
  • Leaves decrease in size as they climb the stem and are lance-shaped with toothed edges.
  • Upper leaves are alternately arranged.
  • Flowers are white with a yellow center and can be up to 5cm in diameter.
  • Petals are slightly notched at the tip.

Consequences of invasion

  • Oxeye daisy decreases the available forage for cattle and wildlife because of its bitter taste
  • Dense infestations decrease plant diversity and increase the area of bare soil.

Integrated pest management

Prevention:

  • Be PlantWise and plant native alternatives to oxeye daisy
  • Read the plants contained in wildflower seed mixes

Control:

  • Repeated grazing by sheep or goats may help to reduce populations
  • Repeated mowing and hand pulling is effective but should be done prior to seed production
  • Properly dispose of invasive plant materials, click here for more info.
  • Treatments should be repeated annually due to the long life of the oxeye daisy’s seeds
  • Chemical treatments are available

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