Oxeye daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare)

Oxeye daisy

(Leucanthemum vulgare)

Description

  • A perennial that spreads via seeds and rhizomes
  • Seeds are viable for up to 3 years in the soil.
  • Establishes well in nutrient poor soil.
  • Stems are smooth and grooved.
  • Leaves are spoon-shaped with toothed edges.
  • Upper leaves are alternately arranged.
  • Flowers are white with a yellow center and can be up to 5cm in diameter.
  • Petals are slightly notched at the tip.

Consequences of invasion

  • Oxeye daisy decreases the available forage for cattle and wildlife because of its bitter taste
  • Dense infestations decrease native plant diversity.

Management Options

Prevention

  • Be PlantWise and plant non-invasive alternatives to oxeye daisy
  • Read the plants contained in wildflower seed mixes

Treatment

  • Repeated mowing and hand pulling is effective but should be done prior to seed production
  • Repeated grazing by sheep or goats may help to reduce populations
  • Properly dispose of invasive plant materials, read our In the Garden page for more information
  • Treatments should be repeated annually due to the long life of the oxeye daisy’s seeds
  • Chemical treatments are available, consult a professional to discuss whether this might be suitable for you.

Additional resources:

Oxeye Daisy | ISCBC